Developing country concern over flawed special and differential treatment (S&amp;amp;D) provisions has already contributed to the failed Seattle and Cancim WTO Ministerial Meetings. In order to succeed, the current WTO Doha Development Round must go beyond simply reforming existing S&amp;amp;D provisions, important as that is. Developing countries must re-focus WTO trade and development policy around the twin goals of deueWpment and fairness. Developing countries need a comprehensive agreement on S&amp;amp;D clarifying that development, not trade liberalization, is the number one economic policy goal of developing countries, and that fairness, not charity, is the basis for development. Such an agreement should also establish adequate domestic policy space for minimallydistorting development policies; create binding and unconditional preferential market access; provide adequate time to implement complex new trade agreements; create truly &amp;quot;precise, effective and operational&amp;quot; S&amp;amp;D provisions; and adequately fund technical assistance.