This article discusses the controversy regarding neutral procedural rules. It focuses on the claim that the 1983 version of Rule 11 had a disproportionate impact upon civil rights cases, thereby violating the norm of procedural neutrality. By looking at this claim about the impact of Rule 11 on civil rights cases, we can evaluate whether the 1983 version of Rule 11 violated the norm of procedural neutrality, and also understand the different ways that the concept of procedural neutrality is used. This exploration will help us understand the larger debate regarding the neutrality of procedural rules and to make connections to similar debates in other areas of law, particularly constitutional law.
Mark Spiegel. "The Rule 11 Studies and Civil Rights Cases: An Inquiry into the Neutrality of Procedural Rules." Connecticut Law Review 32, (1999): 158-208.