Human trafficking is a modern form of slavery. Many individuals fall prey to this flourishing industry after being lured from their homes by the promise of economic opportunity. Upon relocation, these victims are forced to work under the darkest conditions in countries around the world, including the United States. This Note explores the problem of trafficking in the United States and the efforts being exerted to combat it at the federal and state levels. Massachusetts State Senator Mark C. Montigny recently introduced a comprehensive bill that would complement and improve upon federal efforts to prosecute perpetrators of human trafficking and provide services to their victims. Ultimately, given the clandestine nature of the industry and the minimal effect the federal legislation has had, this Note urges Massachusetts to adopt Senator Montigny’s bill to fight human trafficking effectively on the local level, and for other state legislatures quickly to follow suit.