On May 13, 2021, in United States v. Dominguez, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit joined a pre-existing circuit split regarding the meaning of “sexual activity” under 18 U.S.C. § 2422 and whether that term requires physical contact between the defendant and the victim. The statute prohibits individuals from coercing or enticing others to participate in illegal sexual activity, including when the victim is a minor. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth and Seventh Circuits previously reached opposite interpretations of the phrase’s meaning. The court in Dominguez agreed with the Fourth Circuit and held that the phrase did not require the defendant to engage or attempt to engage in physical contact with another individual. This Comment argues that the Fourth and Eleventh Circuits reached the correct interpretation of “sexual activity” as not requiring physical contact.
Max Doherty, "Sexual Activity": What Qualifies Under 18 U.S.C. § 2422?, 63 B.C. L. Rev. E.Supp. II.-130 (2022), https://lawdigitalcommons.bc.edu/bclr/vol63/iss9/15