Developing a system of securities regulation in the European Union has been a difficult task. Currently, markets are regulated at the national level and are guided by certain minimum standards established by EU Directives. The Investment Services Directive, enacted in 1996, was heralded as the final piece of legislation required to complete a unified market for securities. This Note discusses the ISD's failure to result in a fully integrated market and concludes that EU markets need supervision by a centralized regulatory body to allow them to become fully integrated.
Karen M. Smith,
The Need for Centralized Securities Regulations in the European Union,
B.C. Int'l & Comp. L. Rev.